12 talks from Family Dog Project authors about research studies published in 2015. Videos are available on YouTube.
For abstracts and inserted videos see below
Prof. Ádám Miklósi, DSc: Introduction
What dog-machine interaction tells us about dogs’ social skills
Prof. Ádám Miklósi, DSc: New approach to study social skills in dogs: Interaction with robots
Anna Gergely, PhD: Was this a pointing or not – what makes a simple movement communicative?
Judit Abdai: The story of the remote controlled car that deceived a dog
Mechanisms of social behaviour
Anna Kis, PhD: The effect of oxytocin on dogs’ social behaviour
József Topál, DSc: What or where? How dogs read human pointing gestures?
Enikő Kubinyi, PhD: The genetics of greeting
Attila Andics, PhD: How does dog brain process stress?
Márta Gácsi, PhD: Eyes or nose – which navigates our dogs?
Veronika Konok, PhD: Effect of owner’s characteristics on the separation anxiety of the dog
Dóra Szabó: Various ways to investigate aging in dogs
Tamás Faragó, PhD: Barks without boundaries – do people in different countries understand dog barks similarly?
Péter Pongrácz, PhD: The dark side of barking – what makes dog barking a nuisance?
When: November the 7th 15:15 CET
(2:15 p.m. UTC; 09:15 a.m. NYT; 06:15 a.m. PST)
Where: Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Pázmány Péter sétány. 1/c, Kitaibel room. Attendance is free of charge. The seminar is not only for those who can attend it personally, but with live online broadcasting on the internet!
Videos are available on YouTube
Live broadcast: UStream
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Video invitation by Professor Ádám Miklósi, head of Family Dog Project
15:15 (1:15 p.m. UTC; 09:15 a.m. NYT; 06:15 a.m. PST) Prof. Ádám Miklósi, DSc WELCOME
Topic 1: What dog-machine interaction tells us about dogs’ social skills
15:30 Prof. Ádám Miklósi, DSc New approach to study social skills in dogs: Interaction with robots
Robots are getting very popular. Researchers like them too because they can offer many new ways of investigations. Dogs may also show some social behaviour towards them under specific conditions, and it is a very interesting question how this relationship is comparable to dogs’ relationship with humans. Also, on a more futuristic level one may ask how or whether the human-dog bond may change in the new technical age.
15:50 Anna Gergely, PhD Was this a pointing or not – what makes a simple movement communicative?
If I ask dog owners whether their dogs understand their pointing gesture, most of them say yes of course! If I ask them whether their dogs born with this skill or learn it, the answers are more divided. In this study we used a novel method in order to investigate the aforementioned question. We found that after a short social interaction dogs utilized successfully an unfamiliar self-propelled objects’ movement to find a hidden food. Rapid learning in our study highlighted the importance of innate sensitivity to directional movements and suggests that social skills of the dogs might be more flexible that we thought!
16:10 Judit Abdai The story of the remote controlled car that deceived a dog
When offering dogs a smaller and a larger food quantity most of them choose the latter one. This is not a surprise. What is more surprising is that when a human (even a stranger) indicates the food quantity opposite to the primary preference of the dog, they tend to follow the human’s indication. Is this social bias is restricted to human partners alone? In this talk I show that in some cases an unfamiliar self-propelled, non-living agent can mislead dogs in such situation as well; however without the special bond between dogs and humans this little agent probably would not have a chance.
16:30 ROUNDTABLE Miklósi, Gergely, Abdai
Topic 2: Mechanisms of social behaviour
17:10 Anna Kis, PhD The effect of oxytocin on dogs’ social behaviour
Oxytocin has earned itself the name of “magical trust elixir” in the popular media due to its positive effect on several complex human behaviours. At the same time as recent human studies point to the fact that the effect of oxytcin is not as straightforward as thought before, research has started to investigate this relationship in dogs as well. The talk will present two studies on the effect of oxytocin on dog behaviour and discuss the potential applied importance as well as the limitations.
17:30 József Topál, DSc What or where? How dogs read human pointing gestures?
There is a general impression among naïve “dog-lovers” that a dog’s mind often works in a childlike manner. Although this belief has long been rejected by most scientists, the situation in the last few years has radically changed. There is increasing scientific agreement that dogs often effortlessly ’understand’ what the behaviour of their human partner is about and they identify human communicative behaviours in ways similar to preverbal human infants. We present some empirical evidence of dogs’ ability to read human pointing gesture. Our experiments show that (1)dogs are sensitive to the order of signal sequences and (2)human pointing refers to a direction or location for dogs, but only if the gesture is preceded by signals indicating the actor’s communicative intention.
17:50 Enikő Kubinyi, PhD The genetics of greeting
Meeting humans is an everyday experience for companion dogs, and their emotional reactivity in these situations is of major interest to owners and trainers. According to our results it is highly likely that oxytocin and opioid receptor gene variants affect this behaviour. However, ontogenetic experiences has an important role too: while every second beagle do not approach a friendly, unfamiliar woman in a greeting test, only a minority (3%) of family beagles do so.
18:10 Attila Andics, PhD How does dog brain process stress?
Dogs seem to differ in what sounds they find scary: fireworks, thunderings, growling dogs or shouting people. But we know little about how they process stressing information. The talk will present a new dog brain imaging study. We found, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), that different brain regions process social and non-social stress in dogs, and that certain brain response patterns are good predictors of how fearful a dog is of a specific stressing sound type.
18:30 ROUNDTABLE Kis, Topál, Kubinyi, Andics
Topic 3: Human-dog relationship
19:10 Márta Gácsi, PhD Eyes or nose – which navigates our dogs?
It is widely known that dogs have a super sense of smell. But do untrained family dogs spontaneously utilize their highly effective noses for problem solving, for example to find their owners in a room if they cannot see her? In the present paper we report two studies that examine what strategies family dogs use in two types of olfaction-based tasks and how successful they are at various distances. Our experimental results suggest that despite their potential ability to successfully collect information through olfaction, family dogs often prefer other strategies (for example, using visual cues or win-stay strategy) to solve a basic choice task.
19:30 Veronika Konok, PhD Effect of owner’s characteristics on the separation anxiety of the dog
Dogs attach to the owner, that is, they seek the proximity of the owner and show stress behaviour during separation. However, some dogs’ separation behaviour is extreme in degree: they have a behaviour disorder called separation anxiety. But why could this problem develop? We found that the owners of these dogs have an avoidant attachment style which means that they avoid close relationships and intimacy. Perhaps this makes the owners less responsive to the dog’s contact-seeking behaviour and this may explain our other finding that these dogs trust less the owner (they have an insecure, anxious attachment style), which may lead to the development of the disorder
19:50 Dóra Szabó Various ways to investigate aging in dogs
Everyone gets old, even our dogs. But the devil lies in the details. What is the difference between ‘simply old’ dogs and dogs suffering from dementia? What do we know about age-related cognitive changes and what can we do against them? Why is it so complicated to study it in family dogs? For instance, results suggest that while old dogs will not pay as much attention to moving objects anymore, their interest in people still remains. In this talk I will summarize what is currently known based on scientific studies around the world and what are the blank spaces needed to be filled during the following years.
20:10 Tamás Faragó, PhD Barks without boundaries – do people in different countries understand dog barks similarly?
Although humans seem to be surprisingly successful in assessing the emotional state of dogs from their barks, some cultural differences can affect this ability. To test this we replicated our former study on Portuguese participants where they had to listen to barks and rate the inner state of the dogs or try to figure out the social context of the barks, then we compared their responses to our Hungarian sample. During my talk I will show the striking similarities and surprising differences between the two group of people. Also I will present some interesting effects of gender and individual experiences.
20:30 Péter Pongrácz, PhD The dark side of barking – what makes dog barking a nuisance?
Barking is one of the most characteristic features of dogs. In the last decade ethologists discovered several aspects of the communicative value of dog barking. At the same time, it remained uninvestigated why and what type of barks annoy people the most – contributing to the environmental noise pollution. In a joint study between Hzngary and Brazil, we found that men are annoyed more by barking than women. From acoustical aspects, high pitched (‘complaining’, ‘desperate’), and deep, harsh, fast (‘aggressive’) barks annoyed people the most. These effects seems to be universal for participants in Europe and the new World.
20:50 ROUNDTABLE Gácsi, Pongrácz, Szabó, Faragó, Konok
21:10 the END
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Organized by members of the MTA-ELTE Comparative Ethology Research Group; the Ethology Department of Eötvös Loránd University; The Hungarian Ethology Foundation & Comparative Behavioural Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Program organisers: Enikő Kubinyi, Péter Pongrácz, Ádám Miklósi.